Tuesday, May 10, 2016

Classic kits vol.6: Renwall's military trucks M398 with MGM18 Lacrosse Missile and M60 wrecker truck.



Subject:
Renwall M60 Wrecker Truck and M398 Guided Missile Launcher 
Scale:
1/32
Manufacturer:
Revell SSP (Renwall moulds)
Price
M398 Guided Missile launcher US$ 50,00
M60 Wrecker Truck US$60.00
Description
Injected plastic model with  waterslide decals.
Comments
These are Renwall's military trucks in 1/32 scale. A few months ago i was on an auction at ebay to get the M398 kit, but i was defeated when bidding reached US$100,00+shipping. I decided that i would have to wait longer to get the kit as i am not exactly a collector. Thanks to Revell's Selected Subjects Program i now have my kit and a bonus: the wrecker truck based on the same chassis as the M398. Both cost me US$110.00 with shipping, less then the original Renwall kit would cost me without shipping. Bellow i have a description of the lacrosse missile and the wrecker truck use in american military service, and also pictures of the sprues from both kits.However i must admit that i was disappointed after the kits arrived. I tought that the pair would make the M398 launcher with the M108 missile loader. This was not the case. The truck is the M60 wrecker, very similar to the M108, but not the loader used for the Lacrosse missile operation. Anyway i am really happy to see this kits back on the market. I have a felling of nostalgia with the boxes on my workbench. Besides that, the molds were done at a time when things were build to last. Almost none flash is present and detail is quite nice considering the age and model technology of that period. Finally, if  Revell is marketing these models again, i guess i am not the only one who enjoys an old but good kit!

1) The Lacrosse MGM18 Battlefield Missile:
The M4 Lacrosse Guided Missile System was the third atomic battlefield missile deployed by the US Army. Lacrosse was intended to provide the US Army (and US Marine Corps originally as a method of replacing USMC artillery units with guided missiles) a road mobile, short ranged, atomic battlefield surface-to-surface guided missile with pinpoint accuracy. Lacrosse would be used for close infantry support, in addition to general military support for Theater Commanders.Lacrosse was guided by forward controllers on the ground. The M4 Lacrosse Missile was manned by three soldiers. Another solder served as Forward Observer, who fired the missile by remote control. A Guidance Controller manned an electronics van which carried equipment to acquire the missile's tracking beacon. Once linked, the Guidance Controller sent commands to steer Lacrosse into a ballistic trajectory towards the target. The Controller could monitor the entire flight and send course corrections for windage or even changes in target position. This system promised a high degree of accuracy, with envisioned use against hardened targets like bunkers, as well as troop concentrations or armored vehicle formations. In reality, the Lacrosse could only achieve this high degree of accuracy under the best battlefield conditions - and with an experienced crew. Lacrosse could not hit a moving target. References cite the weapon system was quite a handful to maintain in the field, and this affected its reliability. Perhaps most damning of all, the Lacrosse suffered the same malady as the Corporal missile - since it was radio-controlled, its guidance control system could easily be jammed, potentially rendering an atomic weapon uncontrollable over a friendly battlefield or city.
The M398 Guided Missile Launcher Truck (Helical Railed)  was based on the M45 6x6 truck chassis and came into service in 1958. This vehicle was the operational mount for the Lacrosse Type I Guided Missile. The M398 was 21' 11" long overall, 7' 10" wide, and 9' 8" tall with the Launcher in the stowed (transport) position. The M45 truck was a REO gasoline-engined 2 1/2-ton chassis. The helical-railed M398 Launcher was an improvement over the M387 Launcher. The helical rail on which the Lacrosse was perched imparted a 500 degree per second roll to the missile when launched to improve accuracy. The M387 Launcher used a simple square-section launch rail.The M387 was based on the M44 6x6 truck chassis - distinguishable by the single rear wheels. The M387 was used in testing from 1953 through 1957. The dimensions of the M387 were virtually the same as the M398, and this vehicle was used during the long development phase of the Lacrosse weapon system. It would not be introduced into service as an operational mount - which is regrettable because it is simpler and more purposeful in design as compared to the M398 Launcher.
M387 with single wheels on the rear axis

M398 with double wheels at the rear axis.



As deployed, a standard M54 5-ton 6x6 Cargo Truck transported the Lacrosse missile bodies and warheads from the ordnance ammunition supply point. The M54 Truck ( carried two Lacrosse missiles in two warhead containers and two missile body containers. The M108 Crane Truck  was used to remove the Lacrosse missile body and warhead sections from their containers. The 8000 pound capacity crane first lifted the Lacrosse missile body for placement on the Launcher Rail. Once secured, then the crane was used to attach he warhead section to the missile body.


2)M60 wrecker truck
The Truck, Wrecker: Light, 2 1/2-ton, 6x6, M60 (and the very similar Truck, Crane, 2 1/2 ton, 6x6 M-108) are part of theG-742 (or M-44) series of 2 1/2 ton trucks. The many models of the very successful G-742 trucks were in Army inventory from the mid-1950s into the 1990s. The M60 Wrecker is built on the M45C Chassis with a walking beam suspension on the rear axle. The hydraulically operated crane on the rear of the M60 can be traversed through 270° with a maximum elevation angle of 45°. A rear mounted winch has a capacity of 15,000 pounds. A winch mounted at the front of the vehicle has a maximum capacity of 10,000 lbs. There are two outriggers mounted either side of the crane platform for stabilization.The M60 Wrecker was intended for recovery operations, but was found to be too light for many situations. It was eventually replaced by 5-ton wreckers. For visual identification, the M108 Crane has arcs in the body above each rear wheel, while the M60 Wrecker has a straight body line above the wheels.


M108 wrecker truck
M60 wrecker truck
The Models:

A) MGM18 Lacrosse missile M398 launcher truck.














B) M60 wrecker truck:












References:
http://olive-drab.com/idphoto/id_photos_m60wrecker.php
http://www.guntruck.com/Lacrosse.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_U.S._Army_rocket_launchers_by_model_number
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_U.S._military_vehicles_by_model_number

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